Also, it is often recommended to opt for the weighted average number of common shares as the number of shares may vary over a given period. Earnings per share can help you understand the company’s present financial standing and track its historical performance. For example, a company with a consistently rising EPS is often considered a safe investment option. Similarly, companies with declining or irregular EPS are typically not preferred by regular investors. The EPS metric is one of the most significant variables in shaping a stock price.

  • If the company has decided to pay a dividend then net earnings should be taken by subtracting preferred dividends.
  • However, most of such attempts are made for the short-term, which often hampers a business venture image and profitability in the long run.
  • Within equity, you have preferential shares which have preference over common shareholders.
  • For instance, Nihal wants to find out the price-to-earnings ratio of XYZ Ltd, which is trading at ₹368 currently and has a net income of ₹5,50,000.

To elaborate, higher EPS reflects greater profitability from the company and its overall ventures. It is essential to judge EPS with respect to the company’s stock price, P/E ratio, or earning’s yield. A low EPS number compared to the last quarter might still lead to a surge in share price if analysts were expecting a worse figure. For an investor who is primarily interested in a steady source of income, the EPS ratio can tell him/her the room a company has for increasing its existing dividend. Although, EPS is very important and crucial tool for investors, it should not be looked at in isolation. EPS of a company should always be considered in relation to other companies in order to make a more informed and prudent investment decision.

The Differences Between EBITA & EBITDA & EPS

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Variations of EPS

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Trailing Earnings Per Share is a firm’s earnings generated over a prior accounting period, such as a financial year. It uses the earnings of the previous four quarters and considers real numbers instead of projections. This shows that the company is utilizing the funds of the shareholders efficiently and providing them with a good return.


Adjusted Earnings per Share, called ‘headline’ earnings per share or EPS, shows losses and profits through operations that are not from the core business. Diluted EPS gives you an accurate picture of a company’s financial position. For example, companies may issue stock options to their employees, which can be converted into common stock, thereby issuing more shares.

EPS is very important for all the investors as it indicates that how much income is being earned by each ordinary shareholder. A large company’s profits per share cannot be compared to a small company’s profits per share. A larger company will have to split its earnings amongst many more shares of stockholders compared to a smaller company. For instance, suppose that company X and Y earns 1, 00,000 rupees each but company X has 1, 000 shares outstanding, while company Y has 500. In this case owners of company Y will be benefited more in comparison to company X as earnings per share is more.

What is Earnings Per Share or EPS?

Earnings per share is one of the indicators which is used to measure company’s profitability. A negative EPS basically refers to the negative net income of the company. However, for newer businesses such as startups might not be necessarily bad as they need to raise funding in their initial stage, and it takes time for them to actually start generating revenue and ultimately the positive net profit. If a newbie business has great prospects to become profitable in the foreseeable future, then it might be a worthwhile investment despite its negative EPS. It is obvious that shareholders would not have direct access to the company’s profit.

  • Investors can easily learn this calculation to help them with the valuation of a company before adding it to their portfolio.
  • Profits and earnings referred to as net income are the remaining funds after expenses are paid by a company.
  • A low EPS number compared to the last quarter might still lead to a surge in share price if analysts were expecting a worse figure.
  • Cash flow is an important aspect of gauging a company’s ability to repay its debt.

Moreover, if dividend payout ratio is 0%, no matter how high the EPS is, dividend income will still be zero. However, some argue that the exclusion of depreciation expenses fails to capture the ongoing economics of a business. This is because while depreciation expenses are a good proxy for the replacement costs of property, plant, and equipment, they must be paid for in the future to continue business operations. The Facilities Provider, ABC Companies or any of its third party service providers and processor bank/merchants etc. shall not be deemed to have waived any of its/their rights or remedies hereunder, unless such waiver is in writing.

Sadly, it is almost impossible to accurately determine the revenues and profits that the company might be generating in the future. A High P/E ratio of a stock suggests you need to pay a higher price, per rupee of a company’s earnings, to buy that stock. However, some investors find a high P/E ratio attractive, expecting high future growth.

formula for calculating eps

Earnings per share is the most critical metric employed in deciding a firm’s profitability on an absolute basis. It is also a significant component used to calculate the price-to-earnings (P/E) valuation ratio, where the E in P/E is EPS. By dividing the company’s share price by its earnings per share, the investor can understand the stock value regarding how much the market is ready to pay for each dollar of earnings. If you are interested in stock trading or investing, your subsequent step is to choose a broker that works for your investment style.

Thus, many a times giving out a distorted picture of the earnings power of the company. What stands out most prominently is the final EPS figure and its change from the previous year. And that’s what ends up having an immediate and strong effect on the price of the stock. EPS helps investors to know the performance of the company in the specified time.

It is also essential to look at other value indicators to screen stocks further. The quality of EPS gets enhanced when a high EPS company also pays dividends. This margin should not be used to compare companies with high debt as their interest expenses will be very high, and EBITDA margins will not capture the interest on the debt.

What’s a good EPS?

Considering the average P/E ratio is generally between 13 and 15 for the S&P 500, a major stock index, a P/E ratio of 10 could be a sign that the stock is undervalued and has some upside potential for investors. But these are just two metrics you can use to assess whether a stock is worth investing in.

Cash flow is an important aspect when it comes to gauging a company’s ability to repay its debt. However, cash flow is not factored in EPS calculation which means a high EPS may still prove ineffective for gauging a company’s solvency. Also, helps compare the performance of promising companies to help pick the most suitable investment option. Also, known as Carrying value per share, this EPS variation enables individuals to compute the aggregate amount of company equity in each share. Also, it comes in handy to estimate the worth of a company’s share in case it has to be liquidated.