Since our founding in 1961, Harris House has grown to become a top-rated non-profit treatment center. Addiction recovery is possible, and many substance abuse treatment programs are available to you. This brochure describes the stages of recovery from alcohol and drug misuse, and what to expect after leaving detoxification services. It offers guidance on adjusting to sobriety, and long-term recovery. The brochure also discusses legal issues, and lists resources. The misuse of and addiction to opioids—including prescription pain relievers, heroin, and synthetic opioids such as fentanyl—have become common chronic illnesses in the U.S.

surgeon general's report on addiction

Painkiller and opioid addiction isn’t a small-scale problem in America anymore. On the contrary, it claims tens of thousands of lives each year. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists holds that “omen who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy should be encouraged to discontinue marijuana use. Women reporting marijuana use should be counseled about concerns regarding potential adverse health consequences of continued use during pregnancy”17.

Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health – Executive Summary

If a person does develop a substance use disorder, treatment is critical. Substance use disorders share some important characteristics with other chronic illnesses, like diabetes. Both are chronic conditions that can be effectively managed with medications and other treatments that focus on behavior and lifestyle. Chapter 4 – Early Intervention, eco sober house review Treatment, and Management of Substance Use Disorders (PDF | 629 KB) describes the clinical activities that are used to identify people who have a substance use disorder and engage them in treatment. It also describes the range of medications and behavioral treatments that can help people successfully address their substance use disorder.

  • Chapters of the report cover neurobiology, prevention, treatment, recovery, health systems integration, and recommendations for the future.
  • It may affect the newborn’s brain development and result in hyperactivity, poor cognitive function, and other long-term consequences19, 20, 21.
  • There are lists of proven risk factors we can look at to predict who might struggle with addiction issues .
  • If you need help to handle a substance abuse problem, that help is available now.
  • The Surgeon General is also championing efforts to prevent drug use, overdose, and addiction infectious disease, and more fully leverage public health, business, law enforcement, and community resources to address these issues head on.
  • As the report notes, “Supported scientific evidence indicates that closer integration of substance use-related services in mainstream health care systems will have value to both systems.”

Recent studies show that up to 50% of people who once had active addictions are now in recovery. And inpatient detox is vital when an individual is at serious risk of relapse and has significant health care needs. Also of interest in the addiction treatment section is the breakdown of reasons why people do not seek treatment.

Marijuana Use during Adolescence

Marijuana available in dispensaries in some states has average concentrations of THC between 17.7% and 23.2%5. Concentrated products, commonly known as dabs or waxes, are far more widely available to recreational users today and may contain between 23.7% and 75.9% THC6. The following sections provide more detailed summaries of each of the chapters in the Report.

For other opioid-related federal resources and supplementary materials, visit the Surgeon General’s Spotlight on Opioids webpage. The Surgeon General encourages people with a broad range of educational backgrounds to “use this document to eco sober house boston determine specific actions they can take to mitigate the opioid crisis.” Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site. I was willing to do whatever it takes to learn how to live a new way of life.

As the report notes, “Supported scientific evidence indicates that closer integration of substance use-related services in mainstream health care systems will have value to both systems.” The report recommends several key steps to improving substance abuse treatment. Some of these steps involve allocating sufficient funds and resources to the task, breaking down backward attitudes about the nature of addiction, and creating a more robust healthcare infrastructure for handling substance abuse treatment appropriately.

surgeon general's report on addiction

Great Alumni aftercare program that helps keep you connected. I highly recommend Lighthouse for anyone struggling with alcohol or drug addiction. The Surgeon General believes the public should treat the problem the same way it handled cigarette smoking in the 1960s and 1970s, as a public health crisis. Another recent similar example is the HIV and AIDS epidemic. It shows us that once people receive real support and effective dual diagnosis treatment, they can heal. People really do recover from drug and alcohol addictions.

The risk for psychotic disorders increases with frequency of use, potency of the marijuana product, and as the age at first use decreases30. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site. Finally, addiction in America is addressed by the Surgeon General! In 1964, the Surgeon General’s landmark report, “Smoking and Health,” shed light on the devastating effects of tobacco use. Now, more than 50 years later, there are still approximately 438,000 American deaths each year attributed to complications from smoking. However, it is estimated that approximately 795,000 lives have been saved, largely due to the awareness of smoking dangers that the Surgeon General’s report highlighted so long ago.

The Next Step Toward a Better Life

THC has been found in breast milk for up to six days after the last recorded use. It may affect the newborn’s brain development and result in hyperactivity, poor cognitive function, and other long-term consequences19, 20, 21. Additionally, marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful components as tobacco smoke22. The marijuana available today is much stronger than previous versions. The THC concentration in commonly cultivated marijuana plants has increased three-fold between 1995 and 2014 (4% and 12% respectively)4.

These same cannabinoid receptors are also critical for brain development. They are part of the endocannabinoid system, which impacts the formation of brain circuits important for decision making, mood and responding to stress1. If you need help to handle a substance abuse problem, that help is available now. Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia and related disorders.

External SAMHSA Search

Pregnant women and youth–and those who love them–need the facts and resources to support healthy decisions. It is critical to educate women and youth, as well as family members, school officials, state and local leaders, and health professionals, about the risks of marijuana, particularly as more states contemplate legalization. It is hoped that the Surgeon General’s new report on addiction in America will have a significant impact on U.S. substance abuse policy in the future. However, even now healthcare reforms are reshaping the way addiction is viewed and treated. This advisory discusses the interaction between obsessive-compulsive disorder and substance use disorder. It provides clinicians with an overview of screening and evidence-based treatments for OCD.

One in seven people in the U.S. is expected to develop a substance use disorder at some point in their lives. Among other things, the report shows that substance use disorders typically develop over time following repeated episodes of misuse that result in changes to the brain circuitry. For individuals struggling with addiction to alcohol and drugs, Harris House helps people achieve sobriety and become healthy and productive individuals.

The detailed report notes the scientific evidence that demonstrates two important factors that are valuable for all types of substance addiction. These are early medical intervention and the success of addiction treatments. SAMHSA’s mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities. Healthy adults are usually able to control their impulses when necessary, because these impulses are balanced by the judgment and decision-making circuits of the prefrontal cortex.

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Before I came into the program I was a hollow shell just wanting to die.. The staff loved me until I could love myself, and taught me how to deal with myself. The Surgeon General’s underscored the need for immediate and urgent action—and called for more responsible prescribing of medications – especially opioid medications – by doctors. https://sober-home.org/ We’ve seen how difficult it can be for our Participants to receive insurance coverage for certain aspects of their care. Legislation related to driving while intoxicated has helped to reduce the number of alcohol-related traffic deaths. Decreasing the availability and increasing the cost of alcohol can help prevent binge drinking.

Naloxone is used to temporarily reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. Expanding the awareness and availability of this medication is a key part of the public health response to the opioid epidemic. Read the Surgeon General’s advisory on Naloxone and Opioid overdose.